Urinary incontinence in women
What is urinary incontinence?
Urinary incontinence is the inability to control urine flow from the bladder. Urine is produced continuously by the kidneys. From each kidney the urine passes through a tube called ureters "into the bladder, a sack" muscle in which urine is stored until it is expelled from the body. What is a muscular ring, the sphincter muscle "in the neck (out) of the bladder that prevents the flow urine. When the bladder is full, the sensation of needing to urinate. This feeling is produced by the nerves of the bladder wall. When you urinate, muscle sphincter relaxes while his bladder wall muscles contract and the urine passes through a tube called the urethra. You can increase the pressure on the bladder by contracting the muscles of your abdomen and pelvis to help expel the urine.
What are the causes that are at risk and what are the symptoms of urinary incontinence?
This is because the pelvic floor muscles are weakened during childbirth and after menopause, the lack of the hormone estrogen causes a weakened urethra. Childbirth can also cause damage to the sphincter, urethra and bladder nerves. pelvic surgery can also cause similar damage these structures. All these problems lead to reduced resistance to the flow of urine. Therefore, urinary incontinence in women tends to increase with age and is more common after surgery and delivery of the pelvis.
Stress Urinary Incontinence
Stress Incontinence involves the leakage of small amounts of urine when coughing, straining, sneezing or laughing. This is the most common type of incontinence in women. Occurs when there is less resistance to the flow of urine so any activity that increases pressure in the abdomen and bladder, causing urine leakage.
Urge incontinence is in the sense of having a full bladder when the bladder is full and not have to run to the bathroom to urinate. If they do it down the toilet in time, urinary incontinence occurs. Urge incontinence can be caused by urinary tract infection and, rarely, by problems with the spinal cord resulting in muscle hyperactivity wall of the bladder, or the problems that affect the brain such as dementia or stroke.
What is the treatment of urinary incontinence?
It is very common and many experts are able to help.
action plan for self-care
You can do many things yourself to control urinary incontinence. These are: empty the bladder at regular intervals, so it is too full,
avoid drinks containing caffeine, such as coffee, which can make passing more urine,
Wear special pads to protect your skin from any leakage of urine.
If you are pregnant, There are pelvic floor exercises you can do to help prevent incontinence. A simple exercise is to strengthen pelvic muscles as if stopping the flow urine.
Exercises to strengthen pelvic floor muscles are often very useful. If you have urinary incontinence effort, you can learn some muscles contract when the force, so that you do not leak urine.
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Stress Urinary Incontinence